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Brief History of the Gregorian Calendar
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Published Wednesday, February 29, 2012 @ 10:20 AM EST
Feb 29 2012

This information comes from the original (pre-Motif) DECwindows help file which accompanied VMS version 5.3.
by Marios Cleovoulou
http://www.cleovoulou.com/
Copyright © 1988, 1989 by Digital Equipment Corporation.

Brief History of the Gregorian Calendar

As decreed by Pope Gregory XIII, October 4, 1582, was followed by October 15, 1582. Thus ended the 1600-year reign of the Julian calendar upon which the Gregorian calendar is based, and thus began the calendar which DECwindows Calendar uses to measure time.

Calendars based on sun and moon movement were used even by the ancients, but the first reasonably accurate one was the 365 1/4-day cycle calculated by the Greek Sosigenes. This was the calendar authorized by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. The Julian calendar (not to be confused with the Julian period; see below) had 3 years of 365 days each, followed by a fourth year of 366 days.

The 365 1/4-day cycle was more accurately defined in 730 AD by the Venerable Bede, an Anglo-Saxon monk, who shortened the time by 11 minutes, 14 seconds. This accumulates to a whole day's error every 128 years, or a little more than 3 days every 400 years. This being the Dark Ages, nothing was done to adjust the Calendar, despite Roger Bacon sending a note to Pope Clement IV, informing him of the drifting of the date for the vernal equinox. Later, Pope Sixtus IV did become convinced that another reform was needed and called the German astronomer Regiomontanus to Rome to advise him. Unfortunately, Regiomontanus died of the plague shortly thereafter and the plans died with him.

Thursday, October 4, 1582 was the next time the calendar was adjusted. This last day of the Julian calendar was followed by Friday, October 15. So began the Gregorian calendar that we use today, named after Pope Gregory XIII. He commissioned the mathematician Father Christopher Clavius, S.J., to do the necessary calculations, having been authorized to reform the calendar by the Council of Trent in 1545.

The Vatican librarian Aloysius Giglio provided a formula for long-range accuracy. He suggested that every fourth year be a leap year, except for century years that are not divisible by 400. Thus 1700, 1800, and 1900 would not be leap years, but 2000 would be, because 2000 is divisible by 400. This rule eliminated 3 leap years every 4 centuries, making the calendar sufficiently correct for most ordinary purposes.

Political Acceptance in Europe

Italy, Portugal, and Luxembourg. By 1584, Belgium, parts of the Netherlands, Switzerland, and most Catholic German states had joined, and by 1587, so had Hungary. It was not until 1699-1700 that these countries were joined by the rest of the Netherlands, Denmark, and the Protestant German countries.

By the time the British imposed the calendar on all its possessions, in 1752, 11 days needed to be lost. September 2, 1752, was thus decreed to be followed by September 14. In addition, New Year's day was moved back from March 25 to January 1. (For example, before, March 24, 1700 had been followed by March 25, 1701). Among other repercussions, this moved Washington's birth date from February 11, 1731, to February 22, 1732. The following year, 1753, Sweden too adopted the calendar.

In 1793, the French Revolutionary government adopted a calendar of 12 months of 30 days each, with 5 extra days in September (6 on leap years). The Gregorian calendar was reinstated in 1806 by Napoleon.

Political Acceptance World Wide

Adoption of the calendar in countries outside Europe and its Crown possessions occurred much later, and often in conjunction with political upheaval: Japan in 1873, Egypt in 1875, China in 1912, and Turkey in 1917.

In 1918, Russia's revolutionary government decreed that January 31, 1918, would be followed by February 14, 1918.

Religious Acceptance Worldwide

German Protestants used the old calendar until 1776, three quarters of a century after their countries had adopted the Gregorian system.

Sweden retained the old Easter rules for 90 years after switching to the Gregorian calendar, and many Middle Eastern Christian sects still retain the Julian calendar.

The Russian Orthodox Church still follows the Julian system.

The Julian Period

Astronomers use the Julian period because it is convenient to express long time intervals in days rather than months, weeks and years. It was devised by Joseph Scaliger, in 1582, who named it after his father Julius, thus creating the confusion between the Julian (Caesar) calendar and the Julian (Scaliger) period.

Julian Day 1 began at 12:00 noon, January 1, 4713 BC. This date was thought by some to correspond approximately to the beginning of the universe. Certainly it predated any known astronomical events known in the 16th century without resorting to negative times. Scaliger decided on the actual date on the grounds that it was the most recent coincidence of three major chronological cycles:

- The 28-year solar cycle, after which dates in the Julian calendar (for example September 27) return to the same days of the week (for example Tuesday).

- The 19-year lunar cycle, after which phases of the moon return to the same dates of the year.

- The 15-year indiction cycle, used in ancient Rome for tax regulation.

It takes 7980 years to complete the cycle. Noon of January 1, 1988, marks the beginning of Julian Day 2447161.

The Julian period is also of interest because of its use as a time base by the VMS operating system.

VMS and the Julian Period or:
Why VMS regards November 17, 1858,
as the beginning of time...

The modified Julian date adopted by SAO (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory) for satellite tracking is Julian Day 2400000, which turns out to be November 17, 1858.

SAO started tracking satellites with an 8K (nonvirtual) 36-bit IBM 704 in 1957, when Sputnik went into orbit. The Julian day was 2435839 on January 1, 1957. This is 11225377 octal, which was too big to fit into an 18-bit field. With only 8K of memory, the 14 bits left over by keeping the Julian date in its own 36-bit word would have been wasted. They also needed the fraction of the current day (for which 18 bits gave enough accuracy), so it was decided to keep the number of days in the left 18 bits and the fraction of a day in the right 18 bits of one word.

Eighteen bits allows the truncated Julian day (the SAO day) to grow as large as 262143, which from November 17, 1858, allowed for 7 centuries. Possibly, the date could only grow as large as 131071 (using 17 bits), but this still covers 3 centuries and leaves the possibility of representing negative time. The 1858 date preceded the oldest star catalogue in use at SAO, which also avoided having to use negative time in any of the satellite tracking calculations.

Ultrix (Unix) Time Origins

The beginning of time for Ultrix systems is:

Thursday January 1 00:00:00 1970

The reason for this date being chosen is that this was the year that UNIX, the "father" of Ultrix, was firstreleased.

Thus dates prior to 1970 are BU; 1970 and later dates are AU.

History and DECwindows Calendar

If you read the topics concerning the political and religious acceptance of the Gregorian calendar, you will see that there is a problem: there are many dates for the conversion from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. For example, the British (and therefore the Americans) converted in September 1752, so British and American Calendar users might expect Calendar to show September 2, 1752, to be followed by September 14, 1752. However, a Russian user would expect to see this jump between January 31, 1918, and February 14, 1918.

DECwindows Calendar conforms to the date of the original decree, therefore no days have been lost since Friday, October 15, 1582, nor since the beginning of DECwindows Calendar time: January 1, 1600. Thus for everyone except for users from the majority of the Catholic European countries, which all converted before this date, there will appear to be an "error" in Calendar, where the conversion actually took place. This generalization was felt to be acceptable for an application not specifically designed for historians.


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Cartoon of the day
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Published Wednesday, February 29, 2012 @ 8:09 AM EST
Feb 29 2012


Categories: Church and State


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Superman's birthday is tomorrow. Sigh.
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Published Tuesday, February 28, 2012 @ 12:11 AM EST
Feb 28 2012

"Just wait 16 minutes," I pleaded with him. "You'll have the same birthday as Superman!" But no. So instead of being six, my son Doug is 36 today. Other than that, things worked out pretty well. I mean, here it is, over three and a half decades later, and I still haven't run out of embarrassing photos. Happy birthday!


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Observation of the day
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Published Monday, February 27, 2012 @ 12:41 AM EST
Feb 27 2012

You know, I suspect this is true for just about everyone...


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Quote of the day
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Published Sunday, February 26, 2012 @ 12:38 PM EST
Feb 26 2012

Didn't we settle contraception and affirmative action? If the GOP keep going backwards they'll soon be debating slavery.
-Andy Borowitz


Categories: Quotes of the day


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Four dog afternoon
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Published Saturday, February 25, 2012 @ 12:10 AM EST
Feb 25 2012

It's sort of like a three dog night, except it's under my desk after the 2 pm potty break.


Categories: Dogs


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Political jokes of the week
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Published Friday, February 24, 2012 @ 10:30 AM EST
Feb 24 2012

Rick Santorum said today that during his 16 years in Congress, he was an outsider the whole time. You know what? After 16 years, you're not an outsider. You're just unpopular.
–Jay Leno

Santorum says that Satan has his sights set on the United States of America. And today Satan said he tries to avoid politics because it makes him feel dirty.
-Jay Leno

This guy Santorum is very conservative. Rick Santorum is so conservative he won't watch a baseball game because there's a pitcher and a catcher.
–Jay Leno

Analysts say a key voting bloc this election year will be women called "Birth Control Moms." They’re moms who use birth control, but apparently not correctly.
–Conan O'Brien

During a concert at the White House yesterday, President Obama got on stage and performed with Mick Jagger. Apparently, Obama wanted to prove to Republicans that he could work with a rich old white guy.
–Conan O'Brien

Today Newt Gingrich said we should use covert operations to assassinate Iran's nuclear scientists. Gingrich also said the key to covert operations is announcing them on the campaign trail.
–Conan O'Brien


Categories: Political Jokes of the Week


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Photo of the day
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Published Thursday, February 23, 2012 @ 12:17 AM EST
Feb 23 2012


Categories: Photo of the day, WTF?


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Recursive theology
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Published Wednesday, February 22, 2012 @ 7:49 AM EST
Feb 22 2012

I'm giving up giving up things for Lent for Lent.


Categories: KGB Opinion


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Quotes of the day
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Published Wednesday, February 22, 2012 @ 4:35 AM EST
Feb 22 2012

Felix Frankfurter (November 15, 1882 – February 22, 1965):

All our work, our whole life is a matter of semantics, because words are the tools with which we work, the material out of which laws are made, out of which the Constitution was written. Everything depends on our understanding of them.

Gratitude is one of the least articulate of the emotions, especially when it is deep.

If nowhere else, in the relation between Church and State, “good fences make good neighbors.”

If one man can be allowed to determine for himself what is law, every man can. That means first chaos, then tyranny. Legal process is an essential part of the democratic process.

In a democratic society like ours, relief must come through an aroused popular conscience that sears the conscience of the people's representatives.

It has not been unknown that judges persist in error to avoid giving the appearance of weakness and vacillation.

It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have been forged in controversies involving not very nice people.

It is a wise man who said that there is no greater inequality than the equal treatment of unequals.

Litigation is the pursuit of practical ends, not a game of chess.

Morals are three-quarters manners.

No court can make time stand still.

The history of liberty has largely been the history of the observance of procedural safeguards.

The indispensible judicial requisite is intellectual humility.

The mode by which the inevitable is reached is effort.

Wisdom too often never comes, and so one ought not to reject it merely because it comes late.

-----

(Felix Frankfurter was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Frankfurter was born in Vienna, and immigrated to New York at the age of 12. He graduated from Harvard Law School and was active politically, helping to found the American Civil Liberties Union. He was a friend and adviser of President Franklin Roosevelt who appointed him to the Supreme Court in 1939. Frankfurter served on the Supreme Court for 23 years, and was a noted advocate of judicial restraint in the judgements of the Court.
-Wikipedia)


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Cartoon of the day
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Published Tuesday, February 21, 2012 @ 5:51 AM EST
Feb 21 2012


Categories: Cartoons, Church and State, First Amendment


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Observation of the day
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Published Monday, February 20, 2012 @ 1:51 PM EST
Feb 20 2012

After reviewing my new court-ordered real estate valuation and those of my neighbors, I have come to the conclusion that the primary tool used by Allegheny County assessment authorities is a dartboard.


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Quotes of the day
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Published Monday, February 20, 2012 @ 4:07 AM EST
Feb 20 2012

Hunter S. Thompson (July 18, 1937 - February 20, 2005)

America... just a nation of two hundred million used car salesmen with all the money we need to buy guns and no qualms about killing anybody else in the world who tries to make us uncomfortable.

Buy the ticket, take the ride.

Every now and then when your life gets complicated and the weasels start closing in, the only cure is to load up on heinous chemicals and then drive like a bastard from Hollywood to Las Vegas.

Faster, faster, faster, until the thrill of speed overcomes the fear of death.

Going to trial with a lawyer who considers your whole life-style a Crime in Progress is not a happy prospect.

I feel the same way about disco as I do about herpes.

I hate to advocate drugs, alcohol, violence or insanity to anyone, but they've always worked for me.

I have a theory that the truth is never told during the nine-to-five hours.

I understand that fear is my friend, but not always. Never turn your back on fear. It should always be in front of you, like a thing that might have to be killed.

I was also drunk, crazy and heavily armed at all times. People trembled and cursed when I came into a public room and started screaming in German.

If you're going to be crazy, you have to get paid for it or else you're going to be locked up.

In a nation ruled by swine, all pigs are upwardly mobile.

Last year's fun is today's crime. Even tying your shoes in an airport can get you locked up.

Morality is temporary, wisdom is permanent.

No More Games. No More Bombs. No More Walking. No More Fun. No More Swimming. 67. That is 17 years past 50. 17 more than I needed or wanted. Boring. I am always bitchy. No Fun- for anybody. 67. You are getting Greedy. Act your old age. Relax- This won't hurt. (suicide note)

Old elephants limp off to the hills to die; old Americans go out to the highway and drive themselves to death with huge cars.

Politics is the art of controlling your environment.

Some may never live, but the crazy never die.

The TV business is uglier than most things. It is normally perceived as some kind of cruel and shallow money trench through the heart of the journalism industry, a long plastic hallway where thieves and pimps run free and good men die like dogs, for no good reason.

The only ones left with any confidence at all are the New Dumb. It is the beginning of the end of our world as we knew it. Doom is the operative ethic.

The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, but to those who see it coming and jump aside.

The towers are gone now, reduced to bloody rubble, along with all hopes for Peace in Our Time, in the United States or any other country. Make no mistake about it: We are At War now- with somebody- and we will stay At War with that mysterious Enemy for the rest of our lives. (9/12/2001)

There are times, however, and this is one of them, when even being right feels wrong. What do you say, for instance, about a generation that has been taught that rain is poison and sex is death? If making love might be fatal and if a cool spring breeze on any summer afternoon can turn a crystal blue lake into a puddle of black poison right in front of your eyes, there is not much left except TV and relentless masturbation.

There's no such thing as paranoia. The truth is, your worst fears always come true.

They don't hardly make 'em like him any more; but just to be on the safe side, he should be castrated anyway.

Today's winners are tomorrow's blinking toads.

Walk tall, kick ass, learn to speak Arabic, love music and never forget you come from a long line of truth seekers, lovers and warriors.

When the going gets weird, the weird turn pro.

With the possible exception of things like box scores, race results, and stock market quotations, there is no such thing as Objective Journalism. The phrase itself is a pompous contradiction in terms.


Categories: Hunter S. Thompson, Quotes of the day


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Survey question of the day
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Published Monday, February 20, 2012 @ 3:45 AM EST
Feb 20 2012

No. My manservant, Eduardo, generally attends to such matters.


Categories: WTF?


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Quote of the day
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Published Sunday, February 19, 2012 @ 2:31 PM EST
Feb 19 2012

On religious issues there can be little or no compromise. There is no position on which people are so immovable as their religious beliefs. There is no more powerful ally one can claim in a debate than Jesus Christ, or God, or Allah, or whatever one calls this supreme being.

But like any powerful weapon, the use of God's name on one's behalf should be used sparingly. The religious factions that are growing throughout our land are not using their religious clout with wisdom. They are trying to force government leaders into following their position 100 percent. If you disagree with these religious groups on a particular moral issue, they complain, they threaten you with a loss of money or votes or both.

I'm frankly sick and tired of the political preachers across this country telling me as a citizen that if I want to be a moral person, I must believe in "A," "B," "C" and "D." Just who do they think they are? And from where do they presume to claim the right to dictate their moral beliefs to me?

And I am even more angry as a legislator who must endure the threats of every religious group who thinks it has some God-granted right to control my vote on every roll call in the Senate. I am warning them today: I will fight them every step of the way if they try to dictate their moral convictions to all Americans in the name of "conservatism."

-Barry Goldwater


Categories: Church and State, Quotes of the day


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Photo of the day
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Published Saturday, February 18, 2012 @ 12:11 AM EST
Feb 18 2012

"I can't hear you. I have a cat on my head."


Categories: Animals, Cats, Dogs, Photo of the day


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Quote of the day
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Published Friday, February 17, 2012 @ 2:06 AM EST
Feb 17 2012

Rick Santorum is a bit too conservative for me. He believes life begins at erection.
-Bill Maher


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Off the air
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Published Thursday, February 16, 2012 @ 10:03 AM EST
Feb 16 2012

I'm recovering from a nasty norovirus or food-delivered toxin. Warp, impulse and auxiliary are out; running on batteries. Hope to return to a normal schedule tomorrow.


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Bumper sticker of the day
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Published Tuesday, February 14, 2012 @ 7:25 AM EST
Feb 14 2012

Speaking of which, Misty, our bumper sticker model, rides inside to the vet this morning to get her sutures removed. Hurrah!

And here's the scoop on Romney's animal cruelty.


Categories: Dogs, KGB Family


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What if...
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Published Monday, February 13, 2012 @ 7:51 AM EST
Feb 13 2012

(YouTube video: What if elections didn't matter?)

It should be noted former judge Andrew Napolitano wasn't fired because of this commentary, as some online sources claim. Fox Business had previously canceled his program and several others as part of a planned change in the network's emphasis. The video is consistent with Napolitano's views as a libertarian and Ron Paul supporter, and he remains a Fox News legal and political analyst.

That said, the Judge makes some interesting observations.


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Quotes of the day
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Published Sunday, February 12, 2012 @ 12:01 AM EST
Feb 12 2012

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865):

Allow the president to invade a neighboring nation, whenever he shall deem it necessary to repel an invasion, and you allow him to do so whenever he may choose to say he deems it necessary for such a purpose-and you allow him to make war at pleasure.

Any people anywhere being inclined and having the power have the right to rise up and shake off the existing government, and form a new one that suits them better.

As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy.

Determine that the thing can and shall be done, and then we shall find the way.

Discourage litigation. Persuade your neighbors to compromise whenever you can. Point out to them how the nominal winner is often a real loser— in fees, expenses, and waste of time.

Even though much provoked, let us do nothing through passion and ill temper.

Human action can be modified to some extent, but human nature cannot be changed.

I am rather inclined to silence, and whether that be wise or not, it is at least more unusual nowadays to find a man who can hold his tongue than to find one who cannot.

I believe it is an established maxim in morals that he who makes an assertion without knowing whether it is true or false, is guilty of falsehood; and the accidental truth of the assertion, does not justify or excuse him.

I do not like that man. I must get to know him better.

I must stand with anybody that stands right, stand with him while he is right, and part with him when he goes wrong.

I shall try to correct errors when shown to be errors; and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be true views.

It has been my experience that folks who have no vices have very few virtues.

Let us discard all this quibbling about this man and the other man, this race and that race and the other race being inferior and therefore they must be placed in an inferior position. Let us discard all these things, and unite as one people throughout this land, until we shall once more stand up declaring that all men are created equal.

Men are not flattered by being shown that there has been a difference of purpose between the Almighty and them.

No man is good enough to govern another man without that other's consent.

The better part of one's life consists of his friendships.

The dogmas of the quiet past, are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew.

The probability that we may fail in the struggle ought not to deter us from the support of a cause we believe to be just.

The severest justice may not always be the best policy.

The true rule, in determining to embrace, or reject any thing, is not whether it have any evil in it; but whether it have more of evil, than of good.

These capitalists generally act harmoniously and in concert to fleece the people, and now that they have got into a quarrel with themselves, we are called upon to appropriate the people's money to settle the quarrel.

This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it or their revolutionary right to dismember or overthrow it.

Those who deny freedom to others, deserve it not for themselves; and, under a just God, can not long retain it.

Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.

We all declare for liberty; but in using the same word we do not all mean the same thing.

We live in the midst of alarms; anxiety beclouds the future; we expect some new disaster with each newspaper we read.

When I do good, I feel good; when I do bad, I feel bad, and that is my religion.

When you have an elephant by the hind legs and he is trying to run away, it's best to let him run.

Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally.

With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it nothing can succeed. Consequently he who moulds public sentiment, goes deeper than he who enacts statutes or pronounces decisions.


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Quotes of the day
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Published Saturday, February 11, 2012 @ 8:12 AM EST
Feb 11 2012

Thomas Alva Edison:

Five percent of the people think; ten percent of the people think they think; and the other eighty-five percent would rather die than think.

Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration.

Hell, there are no rules here- we're trying to accomplish something.

I never did a day's work in my life, it was all fun.

I only use my body to carry my brain around.
(on exercise)

If we did all the things we are capable of doing, we would literally astonish ourselves.

Just because something doesn't do what you planned it to do doesn't mean it's useless.

Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.

Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work.

Restlessness is discontent- and discontent is the first necessity of progress. Show me a thoroughly satisfied man- and I will show you a failure.

Waste is worse than loss.

We are like tenant farmers chopping down the fence around our house for fuel when we should be using Nature's inexhaustible sources of energy - sun, wind and tide. I'd put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don't have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that.

We don't know a millionth of one percent about anything.


Categories: Quotes of the day


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Quotes of the day
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Published Friday, February 10, 2012 @ 8:47 AM EST
Feb 10 2012

Bertolt Brecht:

Advocates of progress often have too low an opinion of what already exists.

Art is not a mirror held up to reality; it is a hammer used to shape it.

Because things are the way they are, things will not stay the way they are.

Food comes first, then morals.

From the cradle to the coffin underwear comes first.

He who laughs last has not yet heard the bad news.

If there are obstacles, the shortest line between two points may be a crooked line.

People are too durable, that's their main trouble. They can do too much to themselves, they last too long.

Playing cards without money is like a meal without salt.

Politicians are swine. You cannot reason with swine. You must hit them on the nose with a stick.

Suppose they gave a war and nobody came?
Why, then the war would come to you.

The aim of science is not to open the door to infinite wisdom, but to set a limit to infinite error.

Those against politics are in favor of the politics inflicted upon them.

Those who have no share in the fortunes of the mighty often have a share in their misfortunes.

Today every invention is received with a cry of triumph which soon turns into a cry of fear.

War is like love, it always finds a way.

What is the robbing of a bank compared to the founding of a bank?

You know what the trouble with peace is? No organization.

Mixing one's wines may be a mistake, but old and new wisdom mix admirably.

No one can be good for long if goodness is not in demand.

To live means to finesse the processes to which one is subjugated.

The law was made for one thing alone, for the exploitation of those who don't understand it, or are prevented by naked misery from obeying it.


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Quotes of the day
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Published Thursday, February 09, 2012 @ 8:16 AM EST
Feb 09 2012

Thomas Paine:

A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong gives it a superficial appearance of being right.

A thing moderately good is not so good as it ought to be. Moderation in temper is always a virtue, but moderation in principle is always a vice.

Belief in a cruel God makes a cruel man.

Character is much easier kept than recovered.

He that would make his own liberty secure must guard even his enemy from oppression.

He who dares not offend cannot be honest.

He who is the author of a war lets loose the whole contagion of hell and opens a vein that bleeds a nation to death.

Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.

It is necessary to the happiness of man that he be mentally faithful to himself. Infidelity does not consist in believing, or in disbelieving, it consists in professing to believe what one does not believe.

It is the duty of a patriot to protect his country from its government.

My own mind is my own Church.

Society in every state is a blessing, but government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one.

The Bible is a book that has been read more and examined less than any book that ever existed.

The most detestable wickedness, the most horrid cruelties, and the greatest miseries, that have afflicted the human race, have had their origin in this thing called revelation, or revealed religion. It has been the most dishonorable belief against the character of the divinity, the most destructive to morality, and the peace and happiness of man, that ever was propagated since man began to exist.

The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related that it is difficult to class them separately. One step above the sublime makes the ridiculous, and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again.

The trade of governing has always been monopolized by the most ignorant and the most rascally individuals of mankind.

The world is my country, all mankind are my brethren, and to do good is my religion.

These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.

Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must, like men, undergo the fatigue of supporting it.

When man has so far corrupted and prostituted the chastity of his mind, as to subscribe his professional belief to things he does not believe, he has prepared himself for the commission of every other crime.

When the people fear the government, you have tyranny. When the government fears the people, you have freedom.

When we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary.


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Photo of the day
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Published Wednesday, February 08, 2012 @ 8:44 AM EST
Feb 08 2012

A happy pit bull with his new Michael Vick action figure.


Categories: Dogs, Photo of the day


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Quotes of the day
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Published Tuesday, February 07, 2012 @ 6:16 AM EST
Feb 07 2012

Sinclair Lewis (February 7, 1885 - January 10, 1951)

Advertising is a valuable economic factor because it is the cheapest way of selling goods, especially if the goods are worthless.

Every man is a king so long as he has someone to look down on.

He had, in fact, got everything from the church and Sunday School, except, perhaps, any longing whatever for decency and kindness and reason.

He still had a fragment of his boyhood belief that congressmen were persons of intelligence and importance.

He was born to be a senator. He never said anything important, and he always said it sonorously.

He was permitted, without restriction, to speak of himself as immoral, agnostic and socialistic, so long as it was universally known that he remained pure, Presbyterian, and Republican.

His entire system of theology was comprised in the Bible, which he never read, and the Methodist Church, which he rarely attended.

I have faith in Faith, I have reverence for all true Reverence.

I must say I'm not very fond of oratory that's so full of energy it hasn't any room for facts.

It came to him merely to run away was folly, because he could never run away from himself.

Now we got a lawyer, we got civilization, which I understand to mean that a man has a chance to get rich without working.

People will buy anything that is one to a customer.

She did her work with the thoroughness of mind which reveres details and never quite understands them.

The Maker of the universe with stars a hundred thousand light-years apart was interested, furious, and very personal about it if a small boy played baseball on Sunday afternoon.

The trouble with this country is that there are too many people going about saying, “The trouble with this country is-”


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Quote of the day
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Published Monday, February 06, 2012 @ 12:01 AM EST
Feb 06 2012

"If you have men who will exclude any of God's creatures from the shelter of compassion and pity, you will have men that who will deal likewise with their fellow men."
-St Francis of Assisi


Categories: Animals, Dogs, Photo of the day, Quotes of the day


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Superbowl!
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Published Sunday, February 05, 2012 @ 12:15 AM EST
Feb 05 2012


Categories: Animals


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Photo of the day
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Published Saturday, February 04, 2012 @ 8:17 AM EST
Feb 04 2012


Categories: Dogs, Photo of the day, Star Wars


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Complications
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Published Friday, February 03, 2012 @ 2:32 AM EST
Feb 03 2012

Just returned from taking Misty to the emergency vet. She suddenly developed major problems in her right eye, the one being treated for secondary glaucoma. She'll probably have surgery later this morning. We're hoping she'll be home tomorrow night or Saturday at the latest.

No sense in trying to go to sleep at this point. I have a major project promised for tomorrow, and working helps to attenuate the worrying. A bit, anyway.

It's going to be a long day. Here's hoping it turns out well.


Categories: Dogs, KGB Family


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Dad
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Published Thursday, February 02, 2012 @ 4:40 AM EST
Feb 02 2012

Ex-Marine, truck driver, and dog lover Raymond Francis Barkes (2/2/1924-10/9/1994) would have been 88 today and, I'm certain, still a hoot.


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Quotes of the day
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Published Wednesday, February 01, 2012 @ 5:38 AM EST
Feb 01 2012

S.J. Perelman, (February 1, 1904 – October 17, 1979):

Fate was dealing from the bottom of the deck.

For years I have let dentists ride roughshod over my teeth; I have been sawed, hacked, chopped, whittled, bewitched, bewildered, tattooed, and signed on again; but this is cuspid's last stand.

I guess I'm just an old mad scientist at bottom. Give me an underground laboratory, half a dozen atom-smashers, and a beautiful girl in a diaphanous veil waiting to be turned into a chimpanzee, and I care not who writes the nation's laws.

I loathe writing. On the other hand I'm a great believer in money.

Love is not the dying moan of a distant violin- it's the triumphant twang of a bedspring.

Philadelphia, a metropolis sometimes known as the City of Brotherly Love, but more accurately as the City of Bleak November Afternoons.

The dubious privilege of a freelance writer is he's given the freedom to starve anywhere.

The main obligation is to amuse yourself.

Learning is what most adults will do for a living in the 21st century.

The fact is that all of us have only one personality, and we wring it out like a dishtowel. You are what you are.

To err is human; to forgive, supine.

I don't wish to be everything to everyone, but I would like to be something to someone.

I loved him like a brothel.

A case of the tail dogging the wag.


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